Used here as a reference parameter to determine the number of students or first-year students. Differing time concepts are used when collecting data on the annual cycle of studies to differentiate between students and first-year students.
- In the case of students, the annual figure is equal to the number of students in the winter semester. In Wissenschaft weltoffen, the students of the winter semester 2016/2017 are defined as the students of academic year 2017.
- For first-year students (students in their 1st semester in higher education academic or 1st semester in academic studies) is defined as follows: the sum total of first-year students in a summer semester and in the subsequent winter semester equals the number for the year. The first-year students of the academic year 2016 are the first-year students of the summer semester 2016 and of the winter semester 2016/2017.